Current treatment strategies for glioblastoma (GBM) including surgical resection and adjuvant radio/chemotherapy result in a limited progression-free survival time of patients due to rapidly occurring tumor recurrences. The urgent need for more effective treatments has led to the development of different approaches for localized drug delivery systems (DDSs) offering the advantages of reduced systemic side effects. A promising candidate for the treatment of GBMs is AT101, the R-(-)-enantiomer of gossypol due to its ability to induce apoptosis or trigger autophagic cell death in tumor cells. Here, we present an alginate-based drug-releasing mesh ladened with AT101-loaded PLGA microspheres (AT101-GlioMesh). The AT101-loaded PLGA microspheres were fabricated using an oil-in-water emulsion solvent evaporation method obtaining a high encapsulation efficiency. The drug-loaded microspheres enabled the release of AT101 over several days at the tumor site. The cytotoxic effect of the AT101-loaded mesh was evaluated using two different GBM cell lines. Strikingly, encapsulation of AT101 in PLGA-microparticles and subsequent embedding in GlioMesh resulted in a sustained delivery and more efficient cytotoxic effect of AT101 on both GBM cell lines. Thus, such a DDS holds promise for GBM therapy likely by preventing the development of tumor recurrences.
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